Three Risks You Must Avoid When Cleaning Jacquard Fabrics

Discussion in 'the CleAn Room' started by Jim Pemberton, Oct 16, 2017.

By Jim Pemberton on Oct 16, 2017 at 11:50 AM
  1. Jim Pemberton
    Jim Pemberton

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    Three Risks You Must Avoid When Cleaning Jacquard Fabrics!
    by Jim Pemberton - Fabric Pro Specialist
    Important Reminders For Cleaning Professionals!

    Jacquard weaves are among the most difficult and risky fabrics to clean. You might recognize jacquards by other names, such as brocade, brocatelle, damask, matelasse, and tapestry. Regardless of the specific style, all jacquard weaves have a similar basic design.

    To create a jacquard weave, warp yarns are raised to create a pattern, which is often floral. In the areas where a "plain" background is desired, the warp yarns run underneath of the fabric. If you can turn over an arm cover or skirt, or if you can unzip a cushion, you'll see the reverse of the face pattern. In some cases, the pattern on the back of the will have the appearance of wide strips of color.

    This Weave Can Create Three Potential Problems For Upholstery Cleaners:

    #1. Fabric Distortion:
    If aggressive brushing or extremely high vacuum is used during cleaning, the yarns used in this fragile weave may be damaged.

    #2. Shrinkage:
    If the fabric is over wet during cleaning, shrinkage may occur.

    #3. Color Bleeding:
    Color Bleeding: Jacquard weaves often have brightly colored yarns running under the fabric which makes the tendency to bleed much more common in this fabric. Over wetting and/or the use of aggressive cleaning agents are the two most common causes of bleeding with jacquard fabrics.

    Don't Let This Happen To You!


    [​IMG]
    INSPECTION, TESTING AND PROPER PRODUCT USE WOULD PREVENT THIS DAMAGE!


    How To Prevent Problems When Cleaning Jacquard Weave Fabrics

    Testing is Critical!

    Use a simple burn test to determine is the fabric is natural, synthetic, or a blend of both natural and synthetic fibers Natural fiber jacquards and blends are more susceptible to damage than synthetic fiber fabrics are. Test all jacquard weaves, regardless of fiber content, for color bleeding as well.

    Follow These Steps Every Time You Clean A Jacquard To Prevent Costly Claims:


    #1. Prevent fabric distortion:

    a - After applying preconditioner, gently agitate natural fiber jacquard fabrics with a soft horsehair brush or a natural sponge.

    b - If you use a truck mount or high vacuum portable, open the vacuum relief valve on your upholstery tool to prevent damage from excessive vacuum suction.

    c - Use a plastic screening when you clean areas where the fabric may have been weakened, such as cushions and arms.

    #2. Avoid shrinkage: {Shrinkage is a rare problem when upholstery is cleaned properly.}

    a - Apply preconditioning agents lightly! Use dry foam, or a light mist when you apply upholstery preconditioner.

    b - Do not over wet when rinsing! Extraction should be accomplished with a "dry tool"; my favorite is the Sapphire Scientific Upholstery Pro.

    #3. Eliminate color bleeding:

    a - Use safe formulations! Natural fiber jacquard weaves should be preconditioned with neutral detergents & rinsed with mildly acidic fabric rinsing agents.

    b - Speed dry every step of the way! Use drying fans on each cushion as you proceed, and the body of the furniture as you finish. The fabric should be dry before you leave to assure color stability.

    If you follow the recommendations outlined above, you will have little or no problems when you clean jacquard weaves. You run your greatest risks when you attempt to clean old, heavily stained fabrics.

    Fabrics that have been abused in this manner will not always respond the special care techniques recommended in this article. Do not attempt "heroics" by using aggressive agitation or harsh chemicals in an effort to please your customer; it isn't worth the risks.

    When you are in your customer's home cleaning carpet, recommend that the furniture be cleaned before heavy soiling occurs. If you and your customer work together to maintain their valued furnishings, you will be able to clean the fabric to your customer's satisfaction, and minimize any risks of damage.

    ************************************

    Find more useful product information at PEMBERTONS On-Line Store.
    Last edited by a moderator: Oct 16, 2017

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Discussion in 'the CleAn Room' started by Jim Pemberton, Oct 16, 2017.

    1. The Great Oz
      The Great Oz

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      Thanks for the report Jim. We haven't had a problem with Jacquards in a long time, but I thought we might be overdue, so I handed this out in a tech meeting just as a reminder.
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    2. Jim Pemberton
      Jim Pemberton

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      Thanks Bryan. I try to write these so that they might be useful for employee training.

      There are more than a few things I've learned from you that I use in my training classes and articles, by the way.
    3. The Great Oz
      The Great Oz

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      Uh oh. I have to stop talking about things I learn the hard way.


      brocade.jpg Not the best picture, but an example of a fabric that bites in several ways; The underlying fiber bleeds, the tan/gold fiber is a float, and that float fiber is rayon.

      If wet cleaned you end up with bands of brown, blue and green.

      A float is a fiber that skips one or more cross fibers. In the fabric above, where you see color is where there is no float. In the gold areas the gold fiber skips three or four cross threads and hides the color of the cross fiber. Floating fibers are more prone to distortion and breakage, so cleaning should be done in the direction of the floating fiber. (left to right in this photo)

      If the fabric has oily soils or wear, the rayon is likely to dissolve and leave only frayed ends of rayon and expose the underlying color in those areas, even if a screen is used.

      Good thing this fabric is out of style.
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    4. Jim Pemberton
      Jim Pemberton

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      One of the things that happens with style changes is that cleaners lose their memory of how to clean them or were not in business when they last existed. That's why the resurgence of white natural fibers is resulting in so much browning. "Old timers" remember Haitian Cotton, but guys with less than 10 years in the business might never have seen one.

      I've also walked three different people through cleaning fabrics that were 70-130 years old just in the last few weeks. There really wasn't anything extraordinarily different that had to be done (other than being damn gentle and watching wetting), but its another reason that "remembering" how to clean such things makes sense.
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    5. The Great Oz
      The Great Oz

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      You're right Jim. Every generation is a new group of designers that don't know any better and cleaners that haven't seen the problem. I've seen some ink-printed and hand-painted fabric recently, so maybe some of the worst of the 80's are back.
    6. Ofer Kolton
      Ofer Kolton

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      A really forgotten secret is "The art of walking away". Should be practiced more vigilantly.

      The issue of many of these type suicidal fabrics is that usually by the time we get to them, they are quite heavily soil saturated, and the low moisture alternatives do not do much short of tickling the fabric.

      And fluffing them with "dry" methods, be it solvent or shampoo foam, requires a whole new artistic talent: The art of persuading them that the soiled looking fabric (after the so called cleaning) is really "clean" and though the results look like a four letter word, it really was worth it.

      In such circumstances the word heirloom should be repeated frequently.
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    7. Jim Pemberton
      Jim Pemberton

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      "Fluffing" is an unfortunate word in today's parlance, but I get your meaning.

      I agree that it is better to walk away than to leave a fabric looking bad and a customer dissatisfied. I believe strongly that cleaners need to talk to their customer when in the home for other services and advise cleaning before some of these "deadly" fabrics become unrestorable.
    8. Larry Cobb
      Larry Cobb

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      I've seen LOTS of color changes with sodium hydrosulfite.
      And browning on wool fibers. ReduceAll is not your father's reducing agent. I'll be glad to send some to Jim to play with on this fabric. Here's a wool bleeder I worked on (not finished): BleedingBefore.jpg BleedingAfter1.jpg
    9. Ofer Kolton
      Ofer Kolton

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      Maybe its my ESL. Please educate.

      Sheesh. I checked. Sometimes wonder! I don't gonna lie about it. Is that what you meant, Jim?
      Definition of fluff

      fluff
      Nothing is safe anymore. I want them to make English great again :winky:
      Last edited: Oct 23, 2017
    10. Jim Pemberton
      Jim Pemberton

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      in any event, we are in agreement about not attempting heroics or leaving customers unhappy.

      Still, there are techniques to get better cleaning than do most.
      Mikey P likes this.

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