Three Risks You Must Avoid When Cleaning Jacquard Fabrics

Discussion in 'the CleAn Room' started by Jim Pemberton, Oct 16, 2017.

By Jim Pemberton on Oct 16, 2017 at 11:50 AM
  1. Jim Pemberton
    Jim Pemberton

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    Three Risks You Must Avoid When Cleaning Jacquard Fabrics!
    by Jim Pemberton - Fabric Pro Specialist
    Important Reminders For Cleaning Professionals!

    Jacquard weaves are among the most difficult and risky fabrics to clean. You might recognize jacquards by other names, such as brocade, brocatelle, damask, matelasse, and tapestry. Regardless of the specific style, all jacquard weaves have a similar basic design.

    To create a jacquard weave, warp yarns are raised to create a pattern, which is often floral. In the areas where a "plain" background is desired, the warp yarns run underneath of the fabric. If you can turn over an arm cover or skirt, or if you can unzip a cushion, you'll see the reverse of the face pattern. In some cases, the pattern on the back of the will have the appearance of wide strips of color.

    This Weave Can Create Three Potential Problems For Upholstery Cleaners:

    #1. Fabric Distortion:
    If aggressive brushing or extremely high vacuum is used during cleaning, the yarns used in this fragile weave may be damaged.

    #2. Shrinkage:
    If the fabric is over wet during cleaning, shrinkage may occur.

    #3. Color Bleeding:
    Color Bleeding: Jacquard weaves often have brightly colored yarns running under the fabric which makes the tendency to bleed much more common in this fabric. Over wetting and/or the use of aggressive cleaning agents are the two most common causes of bleeding with jacquard fabrics.

    Don't Let This Happen To You!


    [​IMG]
    INSPECTION, TESTING AND PROPER PRODUCT USE WOULD PREVENT THIS DAMAGE!


    How To Prevent Problems When Cleaning Jacquard Weave Fabrics

    Testing is Critical!

    Use a simple burn test to determine is the fabric is natural, synthetic, or a blend of both natural and synthetic fibers Natural fiber jacquards and blends are more susceptible to damage than synthetic fiber fabrics are. Test all jacquard weaves, regardless of fiber content, for color bleeding as well.

    Follow These Steps Every Time You Clean A Jacquard To Prevent Costly Claims:


    #1. Prevent fabric distortion:

    a - After applying preconditioner, gently agitate natural fiber jacquard fabrics with a soft horsehair brush or a natural sponge.

    b - If you use a truck mount or high vacuum portable, open the vacuum relief valve on your upholstery tool to prevent damage from excessive vacuum suction.

    c - Use a plastic screening when you clean areas where the fabric may have been weakened, such as cushions and arms.

    #2. Avoid shrinkage: {Shrinkage is a rare problem when upholstery is cleaned properly.}

    a - Apply preconditioning agents lightly! Use dry foam, or a light mist when you apply upholstery preconditioner.

    b - Do not over wet when rinsing! Extraction should be accomplished with a "dry tool"; my favorite is the Sapphire Scientific Upholstery Pro.

    #3. Eliminate color bleeding:

    a - Use safe formulations! Natural fiber jacquard weaves should be preconditioned with neutral detergents & rinsed with mildly acidic fabric rinsing agents.

    b - Speed dry every step of the way! Use drying fans on each cushion as you proceed, and the body of the furniture as you finish. The fabric should be dry before you leave to assure color stability.

    If you follow the recommendations outlined above, you will have little or no problems when you clean jacquard weaves. You run your greatest risks when you attempt to clean old, heavily stained fabrics.

    Fabrics that have been abused in this manner will not always respond the special care techniques recommended in this article. Do not attempt "heroics" by using aggressive agitation or harsh chemicals in an effort to please your customer; it isn't worth the risks.

    When you are in your customer's home cleaning carpet, recommend that the furniture be cleaned before heavy soiling occurs. If you and your customer work together to maintain their valued furnishings, you will be able to clean the fabric to your customer's satisfaction, and minimize any risks of damage.

    ************************************

    Find more useful product information at PEMBERTONS On-Line Store.
    Last edited by a moderator: Oct 16, 2017

Comments

Discussion in 'the CleAn Room' started by Jim Pemberton, Oct 16, 2017.

    1. Desk Jockey
      Desk Jockey

      Hondo

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      This is always the killer. Trying to be the hero has always been what got me in trouble. Very rarely are my technicians to blame, they are more cautious. I'm the risk taker that gets burned. :errf:
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    2. Mikey P
      Mikey P

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      It's been a while but I've cleaned a boat load.


      Completely removing the color from the floating flowers once......:shifty:
    3. Larry Cobb
      Larry Cobb

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    4. Jim Pemberton
      Jim Pemberton

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      Thank you for your suggestion Larry.

      When fabrics bleed in this way, the color damage throughout the natural fiber fabric's yarns is such that its unlikely that this would be a rewarding effort.

      I'm not saying this to contradict your knowledge of chemistry and stains, which I respect. Its just that I don't want readers to think they can bleed things with impunity and then be able to fix it.

      Should someone encounter very localized bleeding, say from spotting efforts, it would be an interesting test to see if these products would work well on rayon, cotton, or silk, which are the usual bad actors when it comes to colorfastness issues in upholstery.
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    5. Desk Jockey
      Desk Jockey

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      I would think "if" you could remove it that it will lighten the damaged cushion enough not to match the base or other pieces. At least that has been my experience working on stains, using solutions that lighten the color of the fabric.

      Good thing there is 100% guarantee on the products. Does that include shipping too? :winky:
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    6. Ofer Kolton
      Ofer Kolton

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      Why don't Larry send miracle product to Jim to try on photographed cushion and provide pictures. Including comparison to the base unit.

      I love impunity. What does impunity smells like Larry?
    7. Cleanworks
      Cleanworks

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      I once had an incident when unknowingly cleaning a jacuard weave. As I was bringing the tool up the back portion of the sofa, 3 colored streaks were following the upholstery tool. I stopped what I was doing and applied a powdered reducing agent and was able to undo it. Factors in my favor were everything was still wet and somewhat suspended in the cleaning solution. If I had let it dry before correcting it would be a different story.
    8. Larry Cobb
      Larry Cobb

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      OK Ofer , Jim is trying to prevent the problem . . .

      I guess you just pay for the recovering

      and don't even try to correct when the damage occurs.
      Last edited: Oct 19, 2017
    9. Desk Jockey
      Desk Jockey

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      I think he just wants to see what it will do real world. I'll pay for the product and shipping if Jim is willing to correct his class sample piece.

      I'd much rather know ahead of time if it is a true option over replacement.
    10. Jim Pemberton
      Jim Pemberton

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      I would be happy to conduct such experiments, or to send fabrics to Larry if he'd prefer to, since he has the best understanding of his products and their use

      As Ron mentioned, in small, localized areas such correction might make sense. The challenge in large areas is the time involved, as well as the nature of jacquard weaves. The red that you see in the picture above has come through from the back. Where I've had the most challenge when I've corrected these is where you need to remove the red next to the raised yarns that create the pattern, and that contains other colors. In a tufted carpet or rug, is a bit easier to control with shims.

      But in a woven fabric, the reducing agent migrates along the yarns that run both over and underneath the pattern, and invariably the reducing agent migrates into these areas and removes the other dyes as well.

      With prints or needlepoint it works if you are very careful, and also on area rugs. With jacquard upholstery fabrics, even when I've used a hypodermic needle to apply small drops of reducer, I could not control the migration of the reducer through the yarns and into the adjacent colors.

      That said, if there is something in Larry's formulations that can work around this issue, I'm all for learning about it and spreading the word to help others.
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    11. Desk Jockey
      Desk Jockey

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      I didn't intend to throw either one of you under the bus. However it seems like an ideal opportunity to try a correction product on a common problem a cleaner could run into.
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    12. Jim Pemberton
      Jim Pemberton

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      I didn't feel that way at all Richard. I think this is an important conversation to be having
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    13. Mikey P
      Mikey P

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      Sounds like a fun project for Appleby Fest..
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    14. Ofer Kolton
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      Larry, I'd love to correct the damage if it happens. I'd also like to know what are the chances of success and potential damage, how it will effect other adjacent colors as well as potential changes to the base color, before I go through a time consuming process.

      The experiment will be interesting on the damaged piece, but will be even more helpful if we can see what it looks like in comparison to an untreated piece.

      As the client is not likely to be satisfied if the entire cushion turns out to be a different or lighter color.
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      Last edited: Oct 19, 2017
    15. Jim Pemberton
      Jim Pemberton

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      This is one of the problems we run into even in correcting browning. Much of this also depends on the mercy of the customer and whether or not they like or resent you at that point.
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    16. Larry Cobb
      Larry Cobb

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      I propose a spotting challenge, since there are two prominent Red bands on the piece. If we get another chemist from a major manufacturer to attempt one side, I'll correct the other side and Jim can judge the results.
    17. Nate The Great
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    18. Tom Forsythe
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      I would trust Jim to select the appropriate product and do what he could. When I was in the oriental rug trade, I was able to remove some dye bleeds using a product called Streepene. It took me all day to remove a red silk bleed with a Q-tip and on front and back of a 4 X 6 Persian rug with wool silk blend and about 30 colors. Only the red ran but we were successful. This was probably my most stressful day in my entire cleaning career. I do not wish to repeat this experience and am not happy about this post reminding me of that stressful day.

      We used to distribute Streepene but decided to discontinue based on shipping hazard, health concerns and inartful application. We need to remember that some of this delicate work needs to be in the hands of expert who has the skills of an artist. I would suggest that a product without a surfactant be used to limit spread like Jim mentioned above.
    19. Desk Jockey
      Desk Jockey

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      Streepene is a STREETS product. It's from the laundry & dry cleaning industry. My father worked in a laundry & drycleaners for 25 years. They used it whenever they had a color problem with a load.

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